Genetic Chaos

Tuesday, March 30, 2004

Y-chromosome specific YCAII, DYS19 and YAP polymorphisms in human populations: a comparative study

Two hypervariable Y-specific markers, the YCAII and DYS19 STRs, and the more stable Y Alu Polymorphism (YAP) have been analysed in about 1400 individuals of 21 different populations, mainly from Europe but also from the Middle East, Africa and Asia. On the basis of the frequency distributions of these three Y-markers we compare, using different statistical analyses, their power in detecting population genetic structure and in distinguishing closely related groups. The pattern of populations' genetic affinities inferred from the three markers considered altogether suggests a strong genetic structure that, with a few exceptions, broadly corresponds to the linguistic relatedness and/or geographic location of the sampled populations.

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